Childbirth Injuries: an issue fraught with risks from the health care and medicolegal perspectives

doi: 10.7417/CT.2020.2218

  • R. Rinaldi Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • V. Piersanti Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • F. Consalvo Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy
  • A. Del Rio Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Abstract

Birth injuries caused by medical negligence are a real threat for mothers and their children, which can entail catastrophic, life-changing consequences, permanent disability, or even death. Families almost always seek redress from doctors and/or facilities, but in order for a birth injury malpractice claim to be successful, it needs to be proven that the medical care providers owed a duty to the child and that they were derelict in that duty and did not meet the proper standard of care; Furthermore, a causal relationship needs to be established between injury sustained by the child and the physician’s or provider’s breach of duty to the child. Relevant scientific articles have been collected by drawing upon medical search engines and archives such as Medline, Cochrane Central, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, EMBASE and Google Scholar, through December 2019, using keywords such as “birth injuries”, “malpractice”, “claims”. Moreover, the Authors have delved into legal databases (Justia, Lexis, De Jure, Leagle), identifying 6 meaningful instances of court cases centered around birth injuries with severe consequences, all stemming from malpractice and negligence. Ultimately, it can be concluded that demonstrable and adequately documented compliance with well-established guidelines and/or best practices are a determining factor in the legal defence of health care operators; that in turn can go a long way towards discouraging meritless claims and frivolous lawsuits, which constitute a challenging issue raising health care costs in many countries

Published
2020-04-22
How to Cite
RINALDI, R. et al. Childbirth Injuries: an issue fraught with risks from the health care and medicolegal perspectives. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 171, n. 3, p. e229 - e234, apr. 2020. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/647>. Date accessed: 27 may 2020.