Occupational Therapy’s efficacy in children with Asperger’s syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials

doi: 10.7417/CT.2019.2164

  • G. Romagnoli Occupational Therapist, Sapienza University of Rome
  • A. Leone Occupational Therapist, Sapienza University of Rome
  • G. Romagnoli Aston Brain Centre, School of Life and Health Sciences, Aston University, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • J. Sansoni Department of Public Health and Infection Disease, Sapienza University of Rome
  • M. Tofani Sapienza University of Rome
  • R. De Santis Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome
  • D. Valente Department of Neuroscience, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy
  • G. Galeoto Department of Public Health and Infection Disease, Sapienza University of Rome

Abstract

This systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) aims at evaluating the efficacy of Occupational therapy (OT) interventions in Asperger’s syndrome (AS) pediatric patients. We conducted a systematic review according to PRISMA guidelines. The screening of the literature was carried out on PUBMED, SCOPUS, WEB OF SCIENCE and OT SEEKER databases, TO December 2018. We selected three RCTs having the common objective to evaluate whether children with AS can improve their social skills thanks to OT treatments.
The interventions targeted by the three selected studies were: LEGO therapy, Social Use of Language Programme, Let’s Face It!  software and Parent Training combined with the administration of risperidone. All the studies showed that the intervention groups improved their overall social ability.This review shows that OT interventions can help concretely AS children in overcoming their social issues. Nevertheless, more RCTs are needed to better understand the OT’s benefits and limitations in AS patients

Published
2019-09-30
How to Cite
ROMAGNOLI, G. et al. Occupational Therapy’s efficacy in children with Asperger’s syndrome: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 170, n. 5, p. e382 - e387, sep. 2019. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/491>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2019.
Section
Systematic review