General health & psychological distress in children with temporomandibular disorder
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are an heterogeneous group of disorders affecting temporomandibular joints (TMJ), masticatory muscles, or both. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between general health and psychological distress variables and the clinical diagnosis of TMD in children between 8 – 13 years old. Moreover, it will be underlined the different perception of psychological distress existing between patients and their parents.
Materials & Methods
Patients were divided in two groups: the “case group”, which includes patients with TMD, and the “control group”, which included patients asymptomatic for TMD. The “case group” is composed by 29 patients, while the “control group” is composed by 22 patients. The patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire called Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ), to evaluate general health and psychological condition and, eventually, the presence of symptoms of stress, anxiety and/or depression. The CHQ is 87 – item questionnaire developed in USA specifically for children.
As widely reported during the present work, the link between TMD and psychological distress is existing and quite strong, because of lack of number of patients many aspects worth of attentions have not been analyzed as they deserved.
That’s way the conclusion must lead to the proposal of going on with the present study following, possibly, some aspects of research as an increase of the number of patients involved in the study; Individuate possible elements, internal and external, that could strongly influence differences between patient’s results and parent’s results, etc.