Assessment of Masticatory and Cervical Muscles’ Thickness by Ultrasonography in Patients with Facial Asymmetry

doi: 10.7417/CT.2019.2147

  • A. Impellizzer PhD Student, Doctoral School in innovative technologies in diseases of the skeleton, of the skin and of the oro-maxillofacial district. Department of Orthodontics, school of Dentistry. Specialist in Orthognatodontic, Department of Orthodontics. “Sapienza” University of Rome
  • E. Serritella PhD Student, Doctoral School in innovative technologies in diseases of the skeleton, of the skin and of the oro-maxillofacial district. Department of Orthodontics, school of Dentistry. Specialist in Orthognatodontic, Department of Orthodontics. “Sapienza” University of Rome
  • A. Putrino PhD Student, Doctoral School in innovative technologies in diseases of the skeleton, of the skin and of the oro-maxillofacial district. Department of Orthodontics, school of Dentistry. Specialist in Orthognatodontic, Department of Orthodontics. “Sapienza” University of Rome
  • G. Vizzielli Specialist in Orthognatodontic, Unit of Orthodontics. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Private Doctor in Rome
  • A. Polimeni Professor and Director of Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Umberto I Hospital, “Sapienza” University of Rome
  • G. Galluccio Associate Professor, Director of Post-Graduate Course in Functional Orthodontics, Vice-President of the Course for Dental Degree - Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy

Abstract

Objective
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the thickness of masticatory and cervical muscles (temporalis, masseter and sternocleidomastoid) and facial asymmetries in young patients. 


Methods
21 subjects were selected, through a detailed anamnesis and clinical examination, in order to assess the normality of oral tissues, the presence of normal occlusion, the absence of alteration in tooth dimensions and of congenital or developmental anomalies of lips, mouth or face.


Results
The present investigation showed that temporalis, masseter and sternocleidomastoid muscles in untreated and growing individuals with facial asymmetries are thinner on the omolateral side when compared with controlateral normal side, but in the untreated one this value is more statistically significantly.


Conclusion
In conclusion, the cervical muscle’s thickness resulted increased in young patients Ultrasound is beginning to be recognized to have potential use in dentistry as a safe, noninvasive, comfortable and cost-effective adjunct to diagnosis by producing high-resolution images more easily than magnetic resonance (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) (27-kubo)

Published
2019-07-12
How to Cite
IMPELLIZZER, A. et al. Assessment of Masticatory and Cervical Muscles’ Thickness by Ultrasonography in Patients with Facial Asymmetry. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 170, n. 4, p. e272 - e277, july 2019. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/453>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2019.
Section
Research Article

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