The importance of Post Mortem Computed Tomography (PMCT) in the reconstruction of the bullet trajectory

doi: 10.7417/CT.2019.2122

  • Z. Del Fante Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • A. De Matteis Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • V. Fazio Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • N. Di Fazio Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • A. Quattrocchi Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • S. Romano Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopaedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • M. Arcangeli Department of Life, Health and Environmental Science, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy
  • M. dell’Aquila Department of Life, Health and Environmental Science, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy

Abstract

Introduction
Post Mortem Computed Tomography (PMCT) and 3D reconstruction provide a powerful tool in the evaluation of the causes of death, distinguishing between those findings related to traumas and those related to post mortal changes. It has proven to be extremely useful in case of violent deaths as a support to the traditional autopsy.


Aim of the study
The aim of the study is to prove the essential role of PMCT in the determination of the cause of death. For this purpose, we present a case of homicide where CT scans were performed before the autopsy, thus bringing to the resolution of an otherwise controversial death.


Case presentation
A 17 years old male died from a gunshot fired by a policeman during a chase. There were some controversies in this case that brought it to the national mediatic attention. PMCT reconstructed images showed the entry point and the ballistic trajectory of the bullet, moreover, PMCT high sensitivity in the evaluation of bone lesions, made the technique diriment in the clarification of the sequence of events that brought to the death of the subject, resolving the controversies of the case. In fact, it showed that the trajectory of the bullet could have not been compatible with the victim’s family thesis

Published
2019-04-16
How to Cite
DEL FANTE, Z. et al. The importance of Post Mortem Computed Tomography (PMCT) in the reconstruction of the bullet trajectory. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 170, n. 2, p. e90 -, apr. 2019. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/383>. Date accessed: 23 oct. 2019.

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