Clinical and immunological effects of a treatment with desentizating low-dose multicomponents in IgE mediated and non IgE mediated food allergies: observational retrospective pilot study

doi: 10.7417/CT.2019.2102

  • C. Cavaliere Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome
  • S. Masieri Department of Sense Organs Unit, Sapienza University of Rome
  • V. Miranda Clinical Research Unit Guna S.p.a, Milan
  • A. Greco Department of Sense Organs Unit, Sapienza University of Rome
  • L. Ricottini “Sinergheia” Medical Center Rome
  • E. Begvarfaj Department of Sense Organs Unit, Sapienza University of Rome
  • A. Minni Department of Sense Organs Unit, Sapienza University of Rome
  • D. Rosati Department of Sense Organs Unit, Sapienza University of Rome
  • A. Volterrani Department of Pediatric Allergology, Nuovo Regina Margherita Hospital, Rome, Italy

Abstract

Background
Alimentary allergy has high impact on the quality of life (Qol) of patients and their families: it represents an economic burden for individuals and National Health System. The disease, particularly frequent in pediatric age, recognizes different pathogenetic mechanisms and expresses itself through the production of IgE (IgE mediated form) antibodies or through cell-mediated immunune responses (non IgE mediated forms). The aim of this clinical observational retrospective study is to evaluate the effect of a long-term treatment with Low Dose Medicine (LDM) drugs in pediatric patients affected by IgE and non IgE mediated food allergy.


Objective
The purpose of the study is to determine the efficacy of the treatment with Allergy Plex (Guna Laboratory, Milan, Italy) to induce clinical and/or immunological tolerance both to IgE mediated and non IgE mediated food allergy; the secondary endpoint is to investigate the treatment tolerability, the reduction of positivity to Skin Prick test and Patch test to food allergens and the decrease on the peripheral blood of the specific IgE to food allergens. The treatment efficacy was measured through a clinical score.


Methods
In this study the immunomodulant activity of Allergy Plex 13, Allergy Plex 7 and Allergy Plex 10 (Guna S.p.A., Milano, Italy) was evaluated. In every patient the state of allergical clinical responses and the immuno-allergological state were evaluated by means of specific parameters letting know the regulatory response to the allergical Th fenotype.


Results
Data about Clinical tolerance to food, Symptomatological clinical score, ECP, ACTH, Cortisol; IL-4, IL-10 was collected. There was evidence of improvement of clinical score, reduction of the diameter of cutaneous pomphus obtained through the Prick test and a decrease of IgE specifics values.


Conclusion
The data issued from this study seem to confirm the efficacy of treatment with Allergy Plex in allowing the restoration of immune tolerance and the definite reduction of the clinical score

Published
2019-02-14
How to Cite
CAVALIERE, C. et al. Clinical and immunological effects of a treatment with desentizating low-dose multicomponents in IgE mediated and non IgE mediated food allergies: observational retrospective pilot study. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 170, p. e10 - e15, feb. 2019. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/338>. Date accessed: 25 aug. 2019.
Section
Research Article