Never too late to be anxious: validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Italian version

doi: 10.7417/CT.2017.1992

  • S. Ferrari Department of Diagnostic-Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, Modena
  • M. S. Signorelli Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania
  • F. Cerrato Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna
  • L. Pingani Human Resources Department, Local Health Agency of Reggio Emilia, Reggio Emilia, Italy
  • M. Massimino Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania
  • S. Valente Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna
  • M. Forlani Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna
  • P. Bonasegla Department of Diagnostic-Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, Modena
  • E. Arcidiacono Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania
  • D. De Ronchi Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna
  • M. Rigatelli Department of Diagnostic-Clinical Medicine and Public Health, University of Modena & Reggio Emilia, Modena
  • E. Aguglia Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania
  • A. R. Atti Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna

Abstract

Aim
The aim of this work was to validate the Italian version of GAI (GAI-It) and its short form (GAI-It SF) in an over 65-population.


Methods
In 3 recruitment areas across Italy, two raters reciprocally blind to results assessed eligible subjects; a semi-structured diagnostic clinical interview was performed by a psychiatrist.


Results
Among the 76 enrolled subjects (mean age 72.7±6.8 years), anxiety symptoms were very common: 69.7% (moderate/ severe HADS-Anxiety), 76.3% (moderate/severe STAI-state), 71.0% (moderate/severe STAI-trait), 61.8% (GAI), 55.3% (GAI-SF). Sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of GAI confirmed a good reliability of the Italian version, with Cronbach’s Alpha equal to 0.93 for GAI-It and to 0.77 for GAI-It SF, indicating a very good and good construct validity, respectively, of the scales. The Pearson correlation index demonstrated a moderately positive correlation among GAI, GAI-SF and STAI.


Conclusions
Our data confirm the validity of GAI-It as a valuable instrument to assess anxiety in an elderly population, for clinical and research purposes

Published
2017-03-31
How to Cite
FERRARI, S. et al. Never too late to be anxious: validation of the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory, Italian version. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 168, n. 2, p. e120 - e127, mar. 2017. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/22>. Date accessed: 23 may 2019.
Section
Original Article