High risk of brain tumors in military personnel: a case control study

doi: 10.7417/CT.2017.2037

  • P. Fallahi Department of Translational Research and of new Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa
  • G. Elia Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
  • R. Foddis Department of Translational Research and of new Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa
  • A. Cristaudo Department of Translational Research and of new Technologies in Medicine and Surgery, University of Pisa, Pisa
  • A. Antonelli Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy

Abstract

Scientific literature suggests a relationship between military occupation and the development of brain tumors, but no italian study has investigated on the impact of this job on the brain cancer morbidity.
In this a study information were obtained from patients recruited in the Neurosurgical Department of the University-Hospital of Pisa, Italy, from 1990 to 1999.The study has been conducted as a case-control study. 161, newly diagnosed cases of brain tumors (glioma and meningiomas, histologically confirmed), were recruited, such as 483 controls (with other non tumoral neurologic diseases: trauma, hemorrhagic brain disorders, aneurism, etc), by matching cases and controls (1:3), for age (± 5 years) and gender.
Cases and controls were interviewed in the Neurosurgical Department, University-Hospital of Pisa, Italy, and the occupational histories of cases and controls were compared.
Cases and controls have showed a statistically significant difference, based on their occupation (military vs. non-military occupation). A statistically significant association was seen between brain tumors and military occupation among evaluated patients (p=0.013).
Further studies regarding this population group are needed, to determine the causes for the increased risk of this cancer. Furthermore, a subsequent reevaluation in other patients collected in more recent years will be needed to evaluate the trend of this association.

Published
2017-12-04
How to Cite
FALLAHI, P. et al. High risk of brain tumors in military personnel: a case control study. La Clinica Terapeutica, [S.l.], v. 168, n. 6, p. e376 - e379, dec. 2017. ISSN 1972-6007. Available at: <http://www.clinicaterapeutica.it/ojs/index.php/ClinicaTerapeutica/article/view/102>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2020.